Hull’s Rolling Shifts Cargo Hold, Vessel Ran Aground


On 7th January 2017, the cargo ship TONG DA was proceeding east-northeast in Genkai-nada, with a master and 13 other crew members onboard, her hull listed to port and she was intentionally run aground. TONG DA had seawater damage to her engine, cargo, etc.

The Japan Transport Safety Board (hereinafter referred to as “JTSB”) appointed an investigator-in-charge and two other investigators to investigate this incident on January 13, 2017.


At around 02:30 on January 7, 2017 (Japan time, hereinafter the same), the Vessel, with a master and 13 other crew members (six nationals of the Republic of China, two nationals of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam, and five nationals of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar), departed Weifang Port, Shandong Province, People’s Republic of China, with a load of approximately 4,154.8 tons of sodium chloride, magnesium chloride, and other items for Hachinohe Port, Hachinohe City, Aomori Prefecture.

At around 14:00 on January 9, when the Vessel began proceeding east at a speed over the ground of approximately 8 knots (kn) for the western gateway of Kanmon Passage while off to the southwest of Jeju Island, Republic of Korea, she was subjected to wind and waves coming from her port side and began rolling to port and starboard at about 10° to 20°.

At around 05:00 on January 10, the master arose and came up to the bridge and observed that the Vessel was listing approximately 3° to port. He thought there was flooding in a ballast tank and ordered the chief officer to conduct a sounding of the tank. However, a measurement could not be taken due to the Vessel’s rolling, and thus the master decided to let go the anchor and then take the sounding.

At around 19:10, after the Vessel let go anchor off to the northeast of Hiradoshima Island, Hirado City, Nagasaki Prefecture, the master went to take a sounding of each ballast tank together with the chief officer and found that there was no flooding in any of the ballast tanks.

When the master next opened the hatch cover of the No. 2 cargo hold to inspect the inside of the hold, he saw that the space between the port-side wall of the No. 2 cargo hold and the cargo had narrowed, and he, therefore, thought that the hull was listing to port because the cargo in the No. 2 cargo hold had shifted to port.

Because the master had had previous experience navigating with a hull list of approximately 3°, he thought he could again safely navigate with a list. Thus, the Vessel weighed anchor at around 02:55 on January 11 and resumed navigating toward Hachinohe Port.

At around 09:00, the master took over the bridge watch from the chief officer and remained on watch with the hull continuing to list approximately 3° to port. However, at around 12:00, he became concerned because the hull was listing approximately 10° and the port stern was sinking, and seawater was washing over the upper deck. He decided to let go the anchor and inspect the cargo holds.

At around 14:09, the master lets go anchor off to the north of the Ashiyakaigan Coast, Okagaki Town, Fukuoka Prefecture and instructed the chief officer to inspect the cargo holds.

When the chief officer conducted an inspection by entering each of the holds from the hatchways to both cargo holds located between the No. 1 cargo hold and No. 2 cargo hold together with an able seaman (hereinafter referred to as “Able Seaman A”), he found no abnormalities in the No. 1 cargo hold but observed flooding in the No. 2 cargo hold. The chief officer sent Able Seaman A to call the master and communicated with the chief engineer to ask him to discharge seawater from the No. 2 cargo hold.

The chief engineer received the communication and began discharging water from the No. 2 cargo hold with the bilge pump. When the master heard Able Seaman A’s report and checked the situation in the No. 2 cargo hold, he observed that the flooding had reached roughly half the cargo hold’s height. He felt there was a risk of foundering and at around 15:20 decided to intentionally run aground.

At around 15:25, the Vessel weighed anchor and began navigating toward Ashiyakaigan Coast. The master then requested the rescue from Japan Coast Guard and ordered the crew to prepare to abandon ship. At around 16:00 the master intentionally ran the Vessel aground on the coast’s sandy beach.

All crew members of the Vessel initially remained on duty on board under the supervision of a patrol vessel that had arrived to provide assistance. However, because the hull’s pitching and rolling eventually intensified, all crew members left the Vessel by life raft at around 23:25 and then transferred to the patrol vessel.

Subsequently, the Vessel was found to have cracking of her bottom shell plating in a total of approximately ten locations in a hull survey that was conducted by the salvage company contracted to handle salvage work and was scrapped.

Probable causes

It is probable that the incident occurred because, as the Vessel was proceeding east-northeast while being subjected to wind and waves from her port side in Genkai-nada while in a state in which she was listing by approximately 3° after cargo in her No. 2 cargo hold shifted to the port side due to her hull’s rolling, seawater that was washing up flooded the No. 2 cargo hold because the weathertightness of the upper deck was not being properly maintained and as a result the Vessel listed approximately 10° to port.

Actions Taken

The following measures are possible to prevent recurrence of similar accidents:

  • The owner complies with the LL Convention and other international conventions.
  • The owner and crew members conduct hull maintenance work in a systematic manner.
  • Implement measures to prevent shifting cargo when there are spaces in the cargo in a cargo hold.

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Source: MLIT