Cautious Optimism: Navigating A Calm Dry Bulk Market Amid Futures Curve Inversion


The past few weeks have been uncharacteristically calm for the otherwise volatile dry bulk market. Although spot Capesize rates have been ticking higher, such a strength has not been jumpy as it usually is, at a time when futures were already pricing some improvement going to the month of June. In the last few days though, the futures curve has inverted and now sits below spot, demonstrating some skepticism amongst traders as it relates to the progression of rates for the first time in a while. We also anticipate some softening in rates during the summer months, mainly reflecting weaker Atlantic market demand. West Africa enters its rainy season which tends to reduce bauxite as well as iron ore cargoes available for loading. Furthermore, a lot of iron ore has been already exported out of Brazil, and such “frontloading” could have a negative impact on demand for the reminder of the year. The combination of those factors leads us to a more cautious stance for the next few months as we continue to believe that for iron ore and coal, trade volumes will be comparable to last year (meaning the strong year-to-date volumes are now a headwind). For investors, a flattish futures curve becomes a more attractive proposition if indeed spot rates soften and weigh on futures along the process. The fourth quarter rates should once again prove to be stronger than the third, and any potential summer dip will reshuffle the existing bullish positioning, creating opportunities and setting the stage for a rebound trade in late summer.

 Commodities and traders

The argument of peak mass construction in China seems to be gaining traction, as the historical inventory cycles that drove prices seem to be out of synch and underlying demand has little momentum irrespective of stimulus or government measures. Commodity traders have relied on such inventory cycles over the past few decades in order to accumulate during soft patches and then sell during stronger demand periods such construction-related commodities. Are those cycles a thing of the past? China’s steel production has been running at around 1 billion tons for the fourth year in a row now, and given the underlying drivers (real estate, infrastructure and manufacturing), we are having a hard time identifying any change in trend anytime soon. The steel export market is strong because of such domestic weakness but cannot sustain the historical growth rates by itself (let alone the political pressure for flooding the global markets with cheap steel). The period of massive construction might be over and given the relatively high inventories and elevated iron ore import run rates, it will take some time before iron ore fundamentals return to a more favorable balance, in the process pushing prices to much lower levels in order to disincentivize new mining investments.

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Source: Breakwave