- Eni and Spain’s Repsol SA last year received U.S. authorizations to take Venezuelan oil to Europe.
- The oil has helped Italy and Spain ease a lack of specific crude grades in the aftermath of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and related sanctions.
- The Greece-flagged Aframax tanker Minerva Alexandra loaded some 315,000 barrels of Boscan crude and 340,000 barrels of diluted crude oil.
A 655,000-barrel cargo of Venezuelan heavy crude chartered by a unit of Italy’s Eni SpA departed on Friday from a port operated by state-run PDVSA, shipping data showed, marking Venezuela’s first export to Europe after a three-month pause.
Eased American sanctions on Venezuela oil
Eni and Spain’s Repsol SA last year received U.S. authorizations to take Venezuelan oil to Europe as compensation for outstanding debt in an easing of American sanctions on Venezuela’s oil industry.
But the shipments were allocated intermittently last year. And so far this year most Venezuelan crude exports have been halted during a sweeping audit by new PDVSA boss Pedro Tellechea, who revised contract terms to avoid a series of failed payments by some customers.
Venezuelan crude oil exports to Europe
The Greece-flagged Aframax tanker Minerva Alexandra, which had arrived in Venezuelan waters this month, loaded some 315,000 barrels of Boscan crude and 340,000 barrels of diluted crude oil, according to internal PDVSA shipping documents and Refinitiv Eikon data.
PDVSA and Eni did not immediately reply to requests for comment.
The vessel is bound for Repsol’s Cartagena refinery, according to the documents and data, a Spanish facility that has processed Venezuelan heavy crudes in the past.
U.S. authorization received
Eni received two cargoes of Venezuelan diluted crude in June-July last year and two more shipments in November, according to PDVSA’s documents.
The oil has helped Italy and Spain ease a lack of specific crude grades in the aftermath of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and related sanctions.
Another energy firm authorized by the United States to receive and export Venezuelan oil, Chevron Corp, is on track to ship more than 100,000 barrels per day (bpd) to the United States this month under a U.S. license issued in November.
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