An increase of GSL’s asset base to over $1.2 billion on a charter-adjusted basis, brings latest generation new-design high reefer eco-wide beam vessels into the fleet and reduces average fleet age by three years. This move has resulted in doubling of fleet size to 38 containerships in undersupplied mid-sized and smaller vessel segments.
Moreover, it reduces leverage, increases scale, and strengthens capabilities to execute a growth strategy in an attractive asset price environment.
Merger agreement for stock transaction
On October 29, Poseidon Containers Holdings LLC and K&T Marine LLC (together “Poseidon Containers”) announced that they have entered into a definitive merger agreement for a stock-for-stock transaction representing a total transaction value of over $780 million on an asset value basis to create a leading containership charter owner focused on mid-sized and smaller vessels. The combined company will have a fleet of 38 vessels with a total capacity of 198,793 TEU, an average fleet age weighted by TEU of 10.7 years, and contracted revenue of $528 million as of September 30, 2018.
Strategic transaction to increase the asset base
Michael Gross, Chairman of Global Ship Lease, commented, “We are delighted to announce this transformative strategic transaction creating a market leader with an asset base of more than $1.2 billion in the mid-sized and smaller containership segments. This is an exciting new chapter for Global Ship Lease, and we believe that this combination and the growth potential that it unlocks will create value for all GSL stakeholders.”
Ian Webber, Chief Executive Officer of Global Ship Lease, added, “This attractive combination is the result of our strategic alternatives review process, enabling Global Ship Lease to double the size of our fleet, diversify and enlarge our portfolio of customers, improve our fleet age profile, reduce leverage, and significantly strengthen our ability to capitalize on compelling growth opportunities. Importantly, we will also benefit from the extensive operational and commercial capabilities that George Youroukos has separately established. This includes Technomar, an established industry leading ship management company with a proven track record of reliability and controlling vessel operating costs, and ConChart, an organization which will materially enhance our commercial coverage.”
George Youroukos, Chief Executive Officer of Poseidon Containers, concluded, “By combining the strengths of these two highly complementary organizations, Global Ship Lease will be in a position to achieve significant additional growth and to benefit substantially in a recovering market. The clear disconnect between supportive long-term supply/demand fundamentals and cyclically low asset prices represents a highly compelling opportunity to invest in mid-sized and smaller containerships. With a strong balance sheet, reduced leverage, committed growth capital, an established track record of high-quality operations, and a team with extensive US capital markets experience, we believe that the enhanced and expanded Global Ship Lease will be ideally suited to capture opportunities to achieve profitable growth and create long-term value for all stakeholders.”
Merger agreement terms
Under the terms of the merger agreement, which was unanimously approved by a Special Committee of the Board of Directors and by the Board of Directors of Global Ship Lease, the Company will issue 24.045 million shares of Class A common stock and 0.250 million shares of Series C perpetual preferred stock, which are convertible into an aggregate of 103.642 million shares of Class A common stock.
Affiliates of Kelso & Company L.P. will be the sole holder of the convertible preferred stock, which is not entitled to any preferred dividend payments other than those payable to common shareholders and represents approximately 49.2% of the voting power and approximately 56.4% of the economic interest in the Company. In addition, the currently issued and outstanding shares of Class B common stock of the Company will convert to shares of Class A common stock under the terms and conditions of the Company’s articles.
The transaction values Global Ship Lease at $100 million, or $1.7825 per Class A common share, which is 105% higher than the closing price of $0.87 for the Class A common shares on October 26, 2018. Upon closing of the transaction, Poseidon Containers will contribute an additional $227 million in equity value, and as a result, members of Poseidon Containers are expected to own approximately 69.5% of the economic interest of the Company. The merger is expected to reduce the Company’s overall financial leverage to approximately 67% on a loan, net of cash, to charter-adjusted value basis.
Board of Directors
George Youroukos will join the combined Company’s Board of Directors as Executive Chairman, leading the management team where Ian Webber will continue as Chief Executive Officer and Tom Lister as Chief Commercial Officer. Tassos Psaropoulos, currently Chief Financial Officer of Poseidon Containers, will join management as Chief Financial Officer. The transaction, which does not require any approvals from the Company’s shareholders, is subject to customary closing conditions and is expected to close in November 2018.
Upon the closing of the transaction, the Board of Directors of Global Ship Lease will be expanded to comprise eight directors, of whom two will be nominated by Poseidon, and three, including two independent directors, will be nominated by GSL. The remaining three independent directors have been selected jointly. Following the closing, CMA CGM will have a right to designate two of the GSL nominees to the Board of Directors for so long as CMA CGM holds at least 10% of the voting power (and one nominee for so long as it holds between 5-10% of the voting power).
Financial and Legal advisors
Evercore is acting as an exclusive financial advisor to the Company and Simpson Thacher & Bartlett LLP and Norton Rose Fulbright LLP are serving as the Company’s legal advisors. Credit Agricole is serving as financial advisor to Poseidon Containers and Seward and Kissel LLP is serving as legal advisor to Poseidon Containers. Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom LLP is serving as legal advisor to Kelso & Company L.P., the majority shareholder in Poseidon Containers.
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