- Next year is forecast to be one of the hottest on record.
- Average temperatures next year will be about 1.2C above what they were before humans started to drive climate change.
- Predictions have been made by the UK Met Office.
If correct, it would be the 10th year in a row to see global average temperatures reach at least 1C above what they were in pre-industrial times, measured as the period 1850-1900.
El Nino Effect
The current hottest year in records dating back to 1850 is 2016, a year that saw an ‘El Niño’ climate pattern in the Pacific which pushes up global temperatures on top of global warming trends.
Prof Adam Scaife, head of long range predictions at the Met Office, said: “Without a preceding El Niño to boost global temperature, 2023 may not be a record-breaking year, but with the background increase in global greenhouse gas emissions…”
The Met Office’s Dr Nick Dunstone, who has led the 2023 global temperature forecast, said: “The global temperature over the last three years has been influenced by the effect of a prolonged La Nina – where cooler than average sea-surface temperatures occur in the tropical Pacific. “La Nina has a temporary cooling effect on global average temperature.”
Warmer Than 2022
For next year our climate model is indicating an end to the three consecutive years with La Nina state, with a return to relative warmer conditions in parts of the tropical Pacific. This shift is likely to lead to global temperature in 2023 being warmer than 2022.
Dr Doug Smith, a leading Met Office expert in climate prediction, added: “The fact that global average temperatures are at or above 1C for a decade masks the considerable temperature variation across the world.”
Last year, the Met Office predicted 2022’s global temperature would be between 0.97C and 1.21C above pre-industrial levels, with a central estimate of 1.09C.
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