Japan’s Parliament Has Approved Two Controversial Self-Defence Laws



Japan’s parliament has approved two controversial bills that allow Japanese troops to fight overseas.

In a doctrine called collective self-defence, Mr Abe’s government has pushed for a change that would revise the laws such that Japan’s military would be able to mobilise overseas if these three conditions are met :

  • when Japan is attacked or when a close ally is attacked and the result threatens Japan’s survival and poses a clear danger to people
  • when there is no other appropriate means available to repel the attack and ensure Japan’s survival and protect its people
  • use of force is restricted to a necessary minimum

The changes are unpopular and thousands demonstrated outside parliament on Wednesday.

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