Lessons Learned: Chain Hoist Paid Out Unsupervised Near Running


Chain hoist paid out unsupervised near running main engine, reports an IMCA Safety Event.

What happened

An electric chain hoist on the beam above one of the main engines in a vessel, was left unattended after use. The chain hook paid out and coiled the chain onto the running main engine close to the generator drive shaft. The incident occurred when the chain hoist was being used to lower spare parts required for maintenance in the engine room. Two lifts took place above the running main engine. After their completion, the chain block was lifted into its highest position.

Later on, during routine rounds, the motorman observed the hoist’s chain with hook to have “paid out” fully and created a dangerous condition near to main engine no.3. The chain was made safe and then removed from service for inspection.

What went wrong

  • The push button for “pay-out” on the pendant controller for the electric winch, was found to be defective, resulting in hoist being given a continuous payout command;
  • The operator of the hoist was aware that the chain continued to pay out after push button was released in the first instance, but after repeated operations of the button assumed the intermittently ‘sticky’ button had been freed and that the equipment was safe for use;
  • The emergency stop button was not engaged after use which enabled the faulty button to allow the hoist to continue uncontrolled pay out;
  • The hoist, although paid in, was not stowed and secured as per the routine working practice onboard;
  • As a result of the continuous payout operation, the motor was found to be burnt out and will require to be replaced.


  • Ensure crew are familiar with original equipment manufacturer (OEM) operator manuals for all hoist equipment before use;
  • Review control function of hoists and where no designated isolation switch is in place, determine a safe, and practical means of safe isolation.
  • Ensure visual and function tests for lifting equipment are conducted with defects/ damage corrected before use.
  • Review whether hoists can be safely used parallel to or in close proximity to running machinery.
  • Review frequency of planned maintenance for electrically driven, operated and controlled lifting hoists, to minimize risk of control functions degrading due to infrequent usage, and to ensure an annual function test is completed.

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Source: IMCA