- LR and Methanol Institute launch guidance on methanol bunkering.
- Methanol already in use as a marine fuel on several vessel types.
- Methanol is sulphur-free and has lower GHG emissions than conventional fuel.
- The International Organization for Standardisation processes the development of methanol marine fuel grade specification.
- Regulatory process is moving towards final adoption of new rules for inclusion of low-flashpoint fuels into the IMO’s IGF Code.
Lloyd’s Register (LR) and Methanol Institute launch new technical reference to help shipowners, ports and bunker suppliers on methanol bunkering, says an article published on their website.
New technical reference
The new Technical Reference document will be very helpful for shipowners, ports and bunker suppliers to understand processes and procedures for the safe use of methanol as a marine fuel.
Why new technical reference?
In support of the International Maritime Organisation’s 2030 and 2050 greenhouse gas reduction ambitions, stakeholders across the maritime industry work towards assessing future fuel options.
Bunkering Technical Reference on Methanol
LR and the Methanol Institute have produced a Bunkering Technical Reference on Methanol, which is among the future fuels receiving close attention.
Outline of the new guidance
The new guidance outlines the procedures required for:
- the safe bunkering of methanol and
- incorporates dedicated checklists to assist:
- bunker suppliers and
- other stakeholders with safe storage and handling.
Methanol as marine fuel
Methanol is already in use as a marine fuel on several vessel types.
When compared with the traditional Heavy Fuel Oil option, methanol’s sulphur-free characteristics and lower GHG emissions than conventional fuel can support owners with efforts to meet IMO2020 regulations.
Hazardous & Low-flashpoint fuel
As a low-flashpoint fuel and a contact-hazardous product the partners identified the need for a Technical Reference that draws on the experience of industry players using methanol successfully on their vessels to offer clear and concise best practice for bunkering.
Safely handled as a chemical commodity for decades, methanol’s more recent use as fuel calls for a detailed understanding of options for shoreside and barge delivery as well as onboard tank configuration.
Candidate to achieve decarbonisation
Chris Chatterton, Methanol Institute Chief Operating Officer (COO), said: “Methanol is increasingly seen as one of the candidate fuels to be used in the decarbonisation of shipping. It is already in use as marine fuel on tankers, bulkers, ferries and harbour craft. Its lower pollution and greenhouse gas emissions profile offers owners the opportunity to meet IMO2020 regulations and move towards IMO2030 compliance, whilst also gaining valuable knowledge towards IMO2050 ambitions.”
Progressively emissions cut
Douglas Raitt, LR’s Regional Advisory Services Manager, commented: “The maritime industry is sizing up many decarbonisation options in its journey from low carbon to net zero. Methanol is among these and it offers a pathway that will enable owners to progressively lower their emissions’ profile while using conventional engine systems and technology to achieve net zero. This Technical Reference will support the industry with clear and useful advice around best practices.”
Currently methanol is usually produced by the steam reforming of natural gas, but as the simplest of the alcohols, it can also be made from various forms of biomass or waste materials, or even from the atmosphere itself, using CO2 from non-fossil fuel power sources alongside renewable hydrogen, thereby adding to its environmental pedigree.
One of the major attractions of methanol as a fuel type is that it has a single molecular structure, irrespective of production route – unlike, for example natural gas or petroleum-derived liquid distillate and residual fuels that each represent mixtures of a range of different hydrocarbon types – hence engines can be more tightly tuned since ‘fuel flexibility’ is required only for methanol and a pilot fuel such as MGO.
Methanol grade specification & regulation
The International Organization for Standardisation is in the process of developing a methanol marine fuel grade specification and the regulatory process is moving towards final adoption of new rules for inclusion of low-flashpoint fuels into the IMO’s IGF Code.
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Source: Lloyd’s Register