PSC Focus: Most Common Deficiencies CY2023


During 2023, ‘Fire Safety Code 07105 – Fire doors/openings in fire-resisting divisions’ was the number one Deficiency Code (DC) that marked worldwide to all ship segments, involving 2.54%, of the total deficiencies of world ocean going fleet (148,078).

This code was found:

Only 1 time in 3,603 Inspections – 99.07% of total PSCIs with this code as finding 2 times in 34 Inspections – 0.93% of total PSCIs with this code as finding

In 667 ports of the 1,576 ports of Global PSC Regime Considering that PSC Officers take into account all of the ship’s systems to ensure enhanced safety, the deficiency profiles of the various ship segments are not the same.

Technical code

Code 07105-Fire doors / openings in fire-resisting divisions is within top 5 in all segments (this is the most common deficiency code during CY2023). This code is a technical code. Most of the problems are related to maintenance, water tightness, rusted handles, doors blocked to open position without reason and other items.  A good maintenance approach on board can reduce the findings to the minimum.

The second most common DC is 1110-Lifeboats, an item that causes a lot of issues on board. Lifeboats have a series of items involved, from technical issues (water tightness, engine, provisions, inventory etc) to operational (launching, testing, marking, drills etc). Lifeboats should always be in excellent condition because they are the primary abandon ship/rescue means on board.

422 deficiency codes 

Auxiliary Engines (code: 13102) also seems to be an issue during PSCIs of CY2023 as it was highly ranked in most segments.

Apart from simple deficiencies, there were 422 deficiency codes responsible for 12,030 detainable deficiencies leading to 2,378 detentions, during CY2023. The most common detainable deficiency code was 11101-Lifeboats (responsible for 319 detentions). Again, the code 15150-ISM is excluded from the review (it was marked as detainable 719 times).

How to avoid deficiencies and detentions

It is very difficult to predict deficiency codes without good analytics and feedback. From a total of 587 different deficiency codes available to PSCOs in the CY2023, a number of 568 was used at least once. The 422 of them were marked as detainable at least once. Consequently, attempting to identify a pattern through generic preparation checklists derived from global statistics and standard codes will prove ineffective for every port or MoU.

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Source : Safety4sea