Over 1GWh of batteries are now sailing on waters globally, reflecting 72% industry growth in 2022. Despite this, there have been several challenges that shipbuilders and maritime battery suppliers have had to navigate in recent years.
Firstly, electric ship markets have historically been underpinned by electric ferry orders, which made up 37% of the maritime battery capacity (GWh) deliveries between 2019 and 2022.
Norway is a key driver behind this, with around 100 electric ferries in operation – the most in the world. However, IDTechEx expects market saturation here soon as government targets are set to be surpassed next year.
Electric and hybrid vessels are also typically new-builds, specifically designed to be efficient with electric propulsion.
The IDTechEx report “Electric Boats & Ships 2024-2044” provides granular 20-year forecasts in unit sales, battery demand (GWh) & battery market value ($ bn) for electric ferry, electric cargo/container, electric Ro-Ro, electric cruise, electric OSV, electric tugboat and electric recreational boats by power class (<1kW, <12kW, >25kW).
Based on primary supplier interviews, it further shares technology analysis and price information on marine Li-ion battery systems ($/kWh 2020 – 2044) and electric propulsion systems.
Hybrid Cargo Vessels
- The future of the electric ship industry lies with hybrid cargo vessels. IDTechEx expects that zero-emission anchorage requirements, upcoming IMO and EU regulations.
- Less than a percent of the global merchant fleet currently runs on alternative fuels, and battery systems improve the efficiency of both engines and future technologies such as hydrogen fuel cells.
- As the market develops, competition from China is also heating up. China-based battery suppliers are finding success in offering low prices for type-approved marine battery systems.
Electric Ship Industry
Contemporary Amperex Technology (CATL), one of the world’s largest battery suppliers, is a good example. The company set up a subsidiary to develop batteries for ships in 2022 and has already contracted or delivered at least 16MWh.
In the short term, marine battery suppliers outside China may command a premium due to very high levels of experience in this safety-critical sector.
China’s entry will help consolidate and streamline the value chain as well as drive the next phase of growth for the industry as it sails into multi giga-watt hour territory.
Did you subscribe to our daily Newsletter?
It’s Free! Click here to Subscribe!
Source: Cision – PR Newswire