Tokyo MoU PSC Report 2023: Maritime Safety Snapshot


  • The Tokyo MoU’s Annual Report for 2023 reveals a comprehensive overview of port state control (PSC) activities conducted throughout the year, reflecting the organization’s commitment to maritime safety and regulatory compliance.
  • In 2023, a total of 30,887 inspections were conducted, involving 18,298 individual ships. Out of these inspections, 18,806 revealed deficiencies.
  • 1,334 ships registered under 71 flags were detained due to serious deficiencies, resulting in a detention rate of 4.32%.

The year 2023 marked the 30th anniversary of the establishment of the Tokyo MoU. Over the past three decades, the organization has witnessed significant growth, with the number of member authorities doubling and the annual inspections quadrupling since its inception.

Concentrated Inspection Campaign (CIC) on Fire Safety

  • A joint CIC on Fire Safety was conducted from September 1 to November 30, 2023, in collaboration with the Paris MoU.
  • During the CIC period, 8,273 PSC inspections were carried out, with 7,190 (86.91%) involving CIC inspections.
  • The highest compliance was observed in power ventilation control for machinery spaces, with a positive result of 99.69%.
  • However, deficiencies related to fire drills accounted for the highest levels of non-compliance, with 8.44% of drills deemed unsatisfactory.
  • 88 ships were detained as a direct result of the CIC, indicating a high level of compliance with fire safety regulations.


  • A total of 75,867 deficiencies were recorded in 2023, with fire safety measures, lifesaving appliances, and safety of navigation being the top three categories of deficiencies.
  • Fire safety measures accounted for 15,562 deficiencies, representing a doubling compared to the previous year, partly attributed to the CIC on Fire Safety.
  • Deficiencies related to life-saving appliances, propulsion and auxiliary machinery, and MARPOL Annexes I, IV, and VI also increased substantially in 2023.

Overall, the Tokyo MoU’s Annual Report for 2023 underscores the organization’s ongoing efforts to enhance maritime safety and regulatory compliance through rigorous inspections, collaborative initiatives, and continuous improvement measures. As the maritime industry evolves, the Tokyo MoU remains steadfast in its commitment to ensuring the integrity and safety of global shipping operations.

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Source: Safety4sea